Myth: alcohol will warm a person with ex

Myth: alcohol will warm a person with exposure or chills

Reality: while alcohol can make you feel flush and warm inside, it can actually exacerbate the causes of hypothermia in cold weather.

What to do: if you suspect a person is suffering exposure to the cold, move the person to a place that’s warm and dry and remove any wet clothing and wrap a blanket around them.

Warning: if the person shows any symptoms of hypothermia including confusion, excessive trembling or slurred speech – seek urgent medical attention. http://ow.ly/jlIjL

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Everyone should learn basic first aid te

Everyone should learn basic first aid techniques. You never know when you might need them – you could be at home, at work, at school or on holiday.

Whether it’s a minor situation or something more serious, first aid knowledge will give you the confidence to act. You could be the difference between life and death.

Myth: tipping a person’s head back to s

Myth: tipping a person’s head back to stop a nosebleed

Reality: tipping the head back of someone with a nosebleed can cause the patient to choke or swallow their own blood and vomit.

What to do: ask the patient to lean forward and use the thumb and forefingers to pinch the tip of the nose – rather than the hard bit of the nose – for 5 to 10 minutes. Discourage them from coughing or swallowing until the bleeding stops
. http://ow.ly/jlIdc

Myth: breathing into a paper bag will ea

Myth: breathing into a paper bag will ease hyperventilation

Reality: never breathe into a paper bag – it can cause dangerously low oxygen levels.

What to do: there are a lot of reasons why someone might hyperventilate (breathe fast), so you should calmly encourage them to breathe slowly and deeply. One trick is to ask them to hold his or her breath, then exhale and hold another breath. Repeat this exercise until he or she begins to relax.
http://ow.ly/jlI8o

Myth: breathing into a paper bag will ea

Myth: breathing into a paper bag will ease hyperventilation

Reality: never breathe into a paper bag – it can cause dangerously low oxygen levels.

What to do: there are a lot of reasons why someone might hyperventilate (breathe fast), so you should calmly encourage them to breathe slowly and deeply. One trick is to ask them to hold his or her breath, then exhale and hold another breath. Repeat this exercise until he or she begins to relax.